Welcome to the Northern Virginia Writing Project’s 2016 Invitational Summer Institute! I’ll be blogging the demonstration lessons and the various activities occurring during our four-week duration. Find out more about the NVWP and the National Writing Project.
Empowering English Language Learners and their Families
Heather Jung, a Teacher Consultant through the NVWP, begins with an introduction about herself and what she’s been up to since she attended last year’s ISI. She’s given in-service demonstrations and presentations for various counties and conferences. She’s here today as part of one of our four interest groups.
English Language Learners
Each interest group is tasked with investigating and reporting on the state of writing with regards to the group’s focus. To the best of my knowledge, this is the first interest group focus in years. The second member, Heather Grant, provides a similar introduction with personal updates. The Writing Project is like the best club ever.
Heather Jung runs us through a mini demo-lesson: Multimodal Literacy: Good ELL Instruction is Good Instruction. Multimodal literacy refers to making meaning through the reading, viewing, responding to, and producing with multimedia and digital texts.
Heather says that MML incorporates all of the aspects of literacy: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. We should care about MML because the traditional ways to acquire literacy skills are shifting from primarily page-based to screen-based. Foundational skills must not be lost in this shift to screen-based literacy. I’m reminded of the digital native discussion. We cannot take for granted that students are automatically familiar with technology because of their generation. Critical literacy lives within every genre and mode of media.
Quickwrite: What do you value in literacy instruction?
What a question! This leads directly into my own presentation (which happens to follow this one). Although literacy is in many ways a simple thing (decoding and pulling meaning from words on a page and making meaning by producing words on a page) But as soon as we begin to tease out the intersections of power inherent in both reading(reading what? are we reading for the narrative or against the narrative? Who gets exposed to which literary genres?) and writing (Who is writing? What are they allowed to write? Who has access to the rules of power characterizing academic discourse?) Ran out of time!
How do I teach multimodal literacy?
If you understand literacy instruction than you understand multimodal literacy. In terms of technology, work within your own Zone of Proximal Development. Students can develop literacy skills through digital social interaction (constructivism). A good way to think about teaching multimodal instruction is as adding a range of experiences and genres vs. whole-scale replacement. Digital texts provide many rich opportunities for rhetorical analysis: analysis of audience, genre, and purpose. We can submit every feature of a digital artifact to close study just like a more traditional print book.
Heather Grant now begins her mini demo-lesson on using poetry with ELLs. She opens with an intense poem she wrote from the point of view of an English Language Learner (specifically a child from Afghanistan). It helps remind us of the way language bombards and hammers children from the instant they step into a school. Learning a language isn’t linear; it arrives in waves. Academic language often takes five to seven years, sometimes longer, depending on the student.
Writing in a second language is intimidating. Teachers can make faulty assumptions about a student’s ability to read and write based on the child’s oral language (which is acquired quicker). Heather says that writing poetry can build a bridge between the spoken word and written word for our English learners. Listening to poetry helps us develop an ear for the cadences and rhythm of a culture and its language. Poetry is first an oral tradition and, like music, doesn’t necessarily need to be fully understood to be enjoyed.
The play aspect of poetry makes for a friendlier entrance point into literacy. Using only a few words to describe complex things can make writing enjoyable and build confidence. It also values personal voice, experience, and culture. Creating and sharing poems can help students not only express their heritage but it also builds cultural awareness among students of all backgrounds. As an added bonus, poetry allows a teacher to cover a wide range of state and ESOL standards.
Sorry about the shoddy image quality, today!
Heather offers us a quick flurry of poetry lesson ideas. I’m not going to type them out because there’s too much to convey in the moment. She discusses breaking apart mentor poems, studying them, emulating them, publishing them, etc. Listen to multiple readings of poems. Read it out loud with expression. Push students to respond with the heart and the gut before they begin analyzing. One of my favorite tips is to allow students to intermix their home language with English when they write.
Next up is Amy Langrehrer
What You Know First Stays with You: Exploring Changing Contexts and Perspectives
This lesson is based on the book What You Know First by Patricia MacLachlan. It’s about the connection to your original homes after you leave it. It gives ELL students, presumably mostly immigrants, a chance to acknowledge the pain of leaving a first home. Amy works with many ELL and ESOL students who have changed their living contexts within their memorable lifetime. This lesson helps them tap into the power of place. The power of a place we no longer call home.
Before she reads us the story, she has us complete three writings about what we knew first. Use the 5 senses to talk about my first important place (ties in with setting).
My first place. I didn’t move around at all as a kid, so my childhood home is the place I’ll use. There are few smells that stick out. Perhaps the gamey aroma of my dad’s flank steak dinner. I taste another of his signature dishes, chickenghetti (exactly what it sounds like). Creamy chunks of chicken, hearty sauce, slippery eel noodles. (As I’m writing this, btw, more details begin slinking back into my consciousness) I hear the sounds of music. All types. Avant-garde jazz (Sun Ra Arkestra), rock (The Beatles), classical (Bach variations) and pretty much anything else besides country. Sometimes I got to pick out the records. One of my favorites was “Little Red Top” by the Pleasure Kings (might be wrong about the names). In terms of the feelings of that place, that’s where these things begin to get a little complicated. I made the conscious choice to avoid the messy arena of feelings while writing the previous stuff. Unpacking the labyrinth… (we just stopped)
Next, Amy has us write about the people in that place (ties in with characters). Physical or personality descriptions. Important memories, etc.
Family is complex. Let’s do some description work. My love of ascetic routines comes from pops. My mental image of my father shows him wearing the khaki chinos and blue button-down shirt he seemed to sleep in. Sitting in his study reading or writing. Probably smoking.
Lastly, what happened when you left that place (ties in with plot)? What happened in the multiple instances of leaving?
Like many millennials, The first quarter of my life involved many instances of staying and leaving home. I’m going to go with going away to college at George Mason University, my first real experience leaving. I hadn’t wanted to go to college. My high school experience was a blur of sadness and self-medication through chemicals. I was failing a few classes and I had no ambition to speak of. All of that changed one morning when I work up in an epiphanic haze the beginning of my senior year. By the third quarter of that year, I had been managed to both apply and get accepted into George Washington University and George Mason University. I went to GMU because, as my dad memorably told me, “The people you hated in high school are the same type of people going to GWU.”
Then, she hands out what she calls a Conversation Grid
Amy uses Conversation Grids with ELL students to help connect written and spoken words, generate language around an idea, practice third person singular, and build a sense of community (phew!). We walk around and interview each other. Again, as I write every day, the act of using language and literacy in a social setting is magical. Breaking down the barriers between children that a society steeped in competition and atomization inserts between us.
Next, Amy does a read aloud of What You Know First. She sets our reading purpose: what will she miss and how does she comfort herself? She mentions some of the many reasons to do read alouds. She talks about stop and jots (stopping reading to ask comprehension questions of the audience), a practice I agreed with until hearing Ralph Fletcher denounce it at a conference. He said it was akin to someone leaning over and talking to you constantly during an exciting movie. However, she stops and explains many words and concepts from the book that might confuse ELL’s. This definitely speaks to the importance of context in reading comprehension. Obvious tie-ins with reasons why many children struggle with standardized tests.
This activity brings out a lot of deep stuff for us. Some of us who have mined our past before are well-equipped to answer these questions and talk about our pasts. Others might have only begun the process. Either way, the self is a seemingly infinite pool of material.
Fantastic week! Be back on Monday.
Our first presentation is Gabby Rivas.
She begins by asking us what words and phrases come to mind when we think about ESOL students.
Then, she puts it into a Wordle.
Her job is to target listening, speaking, and writing as soon as she can. She gets one year where they’re exempt from their Reading SOL. Her one year to get everyone as ready as possible for the world of high-stakes testing. She needs to make sure everyone feels safe and sheltered. Increase the dopamine and decrease the cortisol levels. Get the learning going in the hippocampus and get reasoning and critical thinking going in the frontal cortex.
She then has us complete a puzzle piece. While doing this, she plays Debussy to get us (and her students) familiar with aspects of Western Civilization. I’m reminded of the humanist movement of education dating to the early and mid-1800s. This strain of humanism imagined education to be a civilizing force of acculturating. A way to inculcate a sense of Western tradition and classicism in both native born students and the many immigrants increasing in volume exponentially during the mid to late 1800s. My puzzle piece is a The Shining-type exercise in repetition (All work and no play…). I need a life.
We then walk around and share with our colleagues. She again cites brain-based research that says the brain is a social instrument, and that sociality promotes effective cognitive development. Many of us realize that we share hobbies and life experiences. So this type of activity fosters community for students who might be from warring countries. I’m also reminded of the recent article in The Atlantic about what information Americans should know (not Hirsch).
She talks about Kinesthetic Grammar, a TPP (Total Physical Response) protocol. This involves linking most of her activities to corresponding body movements. Learning the word “stand”? I’m immediately reminded of my time at a charter school. Lots of chants and choral reading and highly regimented movements.
She tells us about the Poetry Café, her first big assignment for the students. She scaffolds this to go line by line.
So, step one, illustrate your favorite place.
Step two: write down the following stems for your place. One stem per sticky note.
I see ___, I hear ___, I smell ___, I touch ___, and I taste ___.
Then, all of a sudden, we have a pretty decent poem draft. I must admit I spent all my time on the drawing. Whoops!
She lastly has the kids create videos of themselves and their peers reading their poems using Animoto. The final result was heart-warming. I won’t post it, though, for privacy reasons.
Gaby talks about how she has students stretch sentences using content vocabulary. Since expectations have risen for ESOL students, Gaby does her best to include as many content areas as possible. Sentence frames to help show students what good, intro level writing looks like. Highly structured, sentence-by-sentence, on notecards.
This is absolutely amazing. Such thoughtful, intentional use of strategies. I’m also feeling some pretty healthy cognitive dissonance. I stopped using most of these types of strategies and methods when I left the charter school environment. Are these techniques I need to begin using again? Using certain techniques with specific sets of students is something that I’ve come to be very wary of. Such a great commitment here, as well, to creating a safe classroom environment. Her presentation (using Google slides, btw) was one of the best I’ve seen.